Continued from Naturalist's Notebook
of beak: Red Crossbill. They use the crossed mandibles to extract seeds
from conifer cones prying apart cone scales then lifting out the
seeds with their tongue.
Photograph © by Dennis Oehmke, Illinois Raptor Center
Legendary California birder David Gaines wrote of them: "A rare to fairly common, nomadic inhabitant of most coniferous forest habitats throughout California, but prefers lodgepole pine. Distribution and abundance fluctuate in response to availability of mature pine nuts. Nesters most numerous in lodgepole pine forests of Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Warner and Sweetwater Mts., and in bristlecone and limber pine forests of White and probably Inyo, Panamint, and Grapevine Mts. Also nests in Mt. Pinos region, and probably in other ranges to the south. Nesters less numerous along coast, usually in Douglas-fir, spruce-fir, fir, and closed-cone pine forests of coastal slope and coastal ranges from Oregon border south to San Francisco Bay, and probably in Santa Cruz and Santa Lucia Mts. as well. Occasionally nests in planted conifers along southern coast, as on Palos Verdes Peninsula, Los Angeles Co. A rare, erratic winter visitor to pinyon-juniper habitat throughout Great Basin, to plantings of conifers in coastal lowlands of central and southern California, and to other lowland habitats."
Later I remember seeing those crossed mandibles sifting through ashes they weren't red at all more yellow and orange. Much later on, I saw those red wanderers drinking from a trickle at Sky Parlor meadow. Always welcome companions as they flit through these alpine forests.
For Further Reading:
Department of Fish and Game
California Interagency Wildlife Task Group
The Birds of North America, No. 256, 1996 (Excerpts)
Curtis S. Adkisson Red Crossbill
Red Crossbil song from: naturesongs.com, © Copyright Naturesongs.com, 2002.
Notes is now entirely volunteer and self-supporting. Please
help us stay online and consider a tax-deductable and secure donation
Questions? Go to About Our New Site